Gum Diseases
Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Gum diseases, also known as periodontal diseases, are conditions that affect the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. These diseases range from mild inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) to more severe infections that can lead to tooth loss (periodontitis). Gum diseases are prevalent and can affect individuals of all ages. This article aims to provide an overview of gum diseases, including their causes, symptoms, and treatment options.

Causes of Gum Diseases:

  • Gum diseases are mainly caused by plaque buildup, a film of bacteria on teeth and gums. Inadequate oral hygiene leads to plaque hardening into tartar, releasing toxins that irritate gums and cause inflammation and infection. Other contributing factors include tobacco use, hormonal changes, systemic diseases, certain medications, and genetic predisposition.

Symptoms of Gum Diseases:

  • Early recognition of gum disease symptoms is crucial. These include red, swollen, or bleeding gums, receding gums, persistent bad breath, changes in teeth alignment, and formation of pockets between teeth and gums.

Treatment of Gum Diseases:

  • Gingivitis can often be reversed with proper oral hygiene and professional cleanings. Treatment options for gum diseases include scaling and root planing, antibiotics, and surgical interventions for advanced cases. Regular dental check-ups and oral hygiene practices are crucial for maintenance.

Prevention of Gum Diseases:

  • Preventing gum diseases involves maintaining consistent oral hygiene by brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and using antimicrobial mouthwash. Avoiding tobacco use, managing systemic diseases, and seeking early treatment for hormonal changes can reduce the risk of gum diseases

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